Why the second shell can contain more electrons than the first shell?

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Each shell is associated with a quantised energy and can only contain a finite number of electrons. It takes less energy for an electron to remain in the closest shell to the nucleus, and more energy to remain further away. … Bohr showed that electrons do not move gradually from one shell to the next.

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There are at most two electrons in the first shell because of the Pauli Exclusion Principle, which says there can be only one electron with a given set of quantum values: only the spin can change, it can be -1/2 or +1/2. So that is two.

Beside this, Why are there only 2 electrons in an orbital?

The Pauli Exclusion Principle states that, in an atom or molecule, no two electrons can have the same four electronic quantum numbers. As an orbital can contain a maximum of only two electrons, the two electrons must have opposing spins.

Likewise, What has 2 electrons in the first shell?

Helium

Also, How many electrons can the first and second shell hold?

Each shell can contain only a fixed number of electrons: The first shell can hold up to two electrons, the second shell can hold up to eight (2 + 6) electrons, the third shell can hold up to 18 (2 + 6 + 10) and so on. The general formula is that the nth shell can in principle hold up to 2(n2) electrons.

Why can the second energy shell only hold 8 electrons?

Because the first shell can only hold a maximum of 2 electrons, the third electron must go into the second shell. … The 2s subshell holds a maximum of 2 electrons, and the 2p subshell holds a maximum of 6 electrons. This means that the second shell can hold a maximum of eight electrons (2+6=8).

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23 Related Question Answers Found

 

How many electrons can the 2nd Shell hold?

eight electrons

How many electrons are in the N 2 shell of carbon?

Carbon has 6 electrons — 2 in the first shell, and 4 in the second shell (so four valence electrons). Nitrogen has 7 electrons — 2 in the first shell, and 5 in the second shell (so five valence electrons). Oxygen has 8 electrons — 2 in the first shell, and 6 in the second shell (so six valence electrons).

What has 2 electrons in the first shell 8 in the second and 6 in the third?

SULFUR – I have 2 electrons in the first shell, 8 in the second shell, and 6 in the third shell, 6.

How many electrons will be in the N 3 shell of aluminum?

Aluminum has 13 electrons so it will have the electron arrangement (2, 8, 3) which represents two electrons in the n=1 energy level, eight electrons in the n=2 level, and three electrons in the n=3 level. Aluminum has three valence electrons (indicated by the three electrons in the n=3 level).

What is a transition metal with 25 electrons?

Manganese is the first element in the seventh column of the periodic table. It is classified as a transition metal. Manganese atoms have 25 electrons and 25 protons with 30 neutrons in the most abundant isotope.

Why are there only 2 electrons in the first energy level?

The first principal energy level contains only an s sublevel; therefore, it can hold a maximum of two electrons. Each principal energy level above the first contains one s orbital and three p orbitals.

Why can no 2 electrons in the same element or ion have the same 4 quantum numbers?

No two electrons in the same atom can have the same four quantum numbers. Each quantum number describes a different aspect of the electron and its orbital. These numbers are obtained from the solution of the Schrödinger Equation for atoms in spherical coordinates.

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Why are there only 2 electrons in the first shell?

There are at most two electrons in the first shell because of the Pauli Exclusion Principle, which says there can be only one electron with a given set of quantum values: only the spin can change, it can be -1/2 or +1/2. So that is two.

Why are there 8 electrons in the second shell?

Because the first shell can only hold a maximum of 2 electrons, the third electron must go into the second shell. … The 2s subshell holds a maximum of 2 electrons, and the 2p subshell holds a maximum of 6 electrons. This means that the second shell can hold a maximum of eight electrons (2+6=8).

How many electron shells are in Carbon?

A carbon atom has six electrons. It has two in the first shell and four in the second shell. A calcium atom has 20 electrons. Two are in the first shell, eight in the second shell, eight in the third shell, and two in the fourth shell.

How many electrons can occupy the N 3 shell?

18

How many electrons can the 1st orbital hold?

two electrons


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