What is the drug of choice for bacterial meningitis?

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Since then, penicillin has remained the drug of choice for the treatment of meningococcal meningitis. However, current IDSA guidelines list ceftriaxone or cefotaxime as the drugs of choice. The image below shows indications of increased intracranial pressure, an early complication of bacterial meningitis.

ERADICATION OF A FOCUS OF INFECTION Surgery may be required to eradicate a focus of infection which is responsible for meningitis. The infection may spread contiguously (e.g. from the ear, paranasal sinuses) or haematogenously (e.g. from the lungs or heart).

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Also, What precautions are used for meningitis?

Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.

Hereof, How long is the treatment for bacterial meningitis?

The duration of antibiotic therapy depends on the organism isolated. For S pneumoniae and H influenzae, 10–14 days treatment is generally recommended while for N meningitidis a seven day course is sufficient. In Listeria monocytogenes and group B streptococcal meningitis, antibiotics should be given for 14–21 days.

Does meningitis stay with you forever?

Viral meningitis can make you very sick, but it often doesn’t leave lingering effects. Bacterial meningitis is more serious. It progresses rapidly and can cause permanent damage or even become life-threatening. Quick diagnosis and treatment can help prevent some of the potential long-term side effects.

Likewise, What is the prophylactic treatment for bacterial meningitis?

Antibiotic Age range Dosage and route
———————- —————————— —————————-
Adults 600 mg orally every 12 hours
Ciprofloxacin† (Cipro) Adults 500 mg orally
Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) Patients younger than 15 years 125 mg intramuscularly
Patients 15 years and older 250 mg intramuscularly


28 Related Question Answers Found

 

Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection.

Can you fully recover from meningitis?

Recovery. If you are diagnosed with viral meningitis, you will usually find that symptoms improve within a few days and most recover fully after one to four weeks. It is common for you to experience tiredness for a longer period following this.

What are the long term side effects of meningitis?

– hearing loss, which may be partial or total – people who have had meningitis will usually have a hearing test after a few weeks to check for any problems.
– recurrent seizures (epilepsy)
– problems with memory and concentration.
– co-ordination, movement and balance problems.

How do people get bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause this form of infection are spread through close personal contact, such as: coughing. sneezing.

How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?

Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest. take painkillers for a headache or general aches.

What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial Meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. Three types of bacteria are responsible for 80% of all Bacterial Meningitis. These are: 1) Hemophilus influenzae (type B), 2) Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus), and 3) Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus).

How treatable is bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis requires immediate hospitalization. Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent brain damage and death. Bacterial meningitis is treated with intravenous antibiotics.

Can meningitis be passed on?

Meningococcal meningitis is usually spread through contact with the saliva or nasal secretions of an infected person. Try to avoid sharing drinks, eating utensils, or other items that may contain saliva. Also, don’t engage in open-mouthed kissing with an infected person.

Can meningitis cause problems later in life?

After effects. Meningitis and septicaemia can cause a range of disabilities and problems that can alter lives. After effects may be temporary or permanent, physical or emotional.

What PPE is used for bacterial meningitis?

Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.

Who is most likely to get bacterial meningitis?

Children between the ages of 1 month and 2 years are the most susceptible to bacterial meningitis. Adults with certain risk factors are also susceptible. You are at higher risk if you abuse alcohol, have chronic nose and ear infections, sustain a head injury or get pneumococcal pneumonia.

What damage can Meningitis cause?

Bacteria or a virus can cause meningitis. Viral meningitis is more common, but bacterial meningitis is more serious. It can lead to brain damage, paralysis, or stroke. In some cases, it can be fatal.


Last Updated: 20 days ago – Co-authors : 15 – Users : 8

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