When was the high german consonant shift?

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9th century

Considering this, Why did English keep the th sound?

The “th” sound of an English word like “thing” is pronounced as a Voiceless dental fricative (in IPA: [ θ ])in most varieties of the language. … It originated via a process known as Grimm’s law , which converted a “t” sound in Proto-Indo-European into the voiceless dental fricative we know and love.

Also, Is English the only language with the th sound?

Regarding this, Why does English have dental fricatives?

In short, dental fricatives appeared in Proto-Germanic via Grimm’s Law and Verner’s Law and Old English managed to maintain [θ] and [ð] because it left the continent before the effects of the High German Consonant Shift could be felt.

Where did the English th come from?

From a Latin perspective, the established digraph ⟨th⟩ now represented the voiceless fricative /θ/, and was used thus for English by French-speaking scribes after the Norman Conquest, since they were unfamiliar with the Germanic graphemes ð (eth) and þ (thorn).


17 Related Question Answers Found

How do the British pronounce th?

Th-fronting is the pronunciation of the English “th” as “f” or “v”. When th-fronting is applied, /θ/ becomes [f] or [ɸ] (for example, three is pronounced as, or similar to, free) and /ð/ becomes [v] or [β] (for example, bathe is pronounced as, or similar to, bave).

What languages Cannot pronounce th?

The ‘th’ sound doesn’t exist in French, and how could you know that ‘ough’ is pronounced differently in both words! French people can’t help pronouncing this word the same as a female dog, much to most English people’s amusement! Actually pronounced as written, but still a bit of a mouthful for French speakers!

When did the first consonant shift take place?

Grimm’s law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift) is a set of sound laws describing the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stop consonants as they developed in Proto-Germanic in the 1st millennium BC.

When was the high german consonant shift?

9th century

Why can’t foreigners pronounce th?

And it is an unusual sound which requires you to press your tongue against your teeth. Most languages do not have these ‘th’ sounds, so most “foreigners” cannot hear the difference between a ‘th’ and a ‘t’/’d’ or an ‘s’/’z’ as effortlessly as you do.

Is English the only language using th?

One or both of the English TH sounds are used in three of the five most spoken languages in the world: Spanish, English, and Arabic. Both TH sounds are also used in Greek, Welsh, some forms of Hebrew, and a number of other languages throughout the world (languages with /θ/ ; languages with /ð/ ).

When was Old High German spoken?

1100

Do Americans pronounce th?

In the International Phonetic Alphabet the /th/ sounds are called “interdental fricatives” but Americans with good speech very rarely put their tongue between the teeth and very often don’t even use a fricative! They stop the sound instead.

Why is the th sound so rare?

The sounds are made phonetically by placing the tongue before the teeth. The only difference is that “dh” is voiced and “th” unvoiced. In other words: as b is to p and as d is to t, so dh is to th. For whatever reason, dhe two “th” sounds, which I shall write as “dh” and “th”, are very rare.

Is th pronounced as F?

Th-fronting is the pronunciation of the English “th” as “f” or “v”. When th-fronting is applied, /θ/ becomes [f] or [ɸ] (for example, three is pronounced as, or similar to, free) and /ð/ becomes [v] or [β] (for example, bathe is pronounced as, or similar to, bave).

What part of England pronounces TH as F?

Th-fronting is a prominent feature of several dialects of English, notably Cockney, Essex dialect, Estuary English, some West Country and Yorkshire dialects, African American Vernacular English, and Liberian English, as well as in many non-native English speakers (e.g. Hong Kong English, though the details differ among …

Why do Brits not pronounce th?

It’s just a feature of a regional accent.

pronounced as /t/ or /d/ (th-stopping ) is not so common in England – it’s common in Hiberno-English, there are plenty of jokes about how Irish people pronounce “third” and “turd” the same.

How do you say th sound in British English?


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